Many in the medical field suffer from capitalizationitis. Use your upper case and lower case accurately! Students can learn as much from associate professors as from Associate Professors and as much about the human body from a study of anatomy as from Anatomy.

Clinical Specialties

Names of clinical specialties use lower case.

  • Since lupus can affect almost any organ in the body, effective and comprehensive care often calls for cooperation across a variety of medical fields, including neurology, gastroenterology, and dermatology.

Department, Division, Center

The words "department", "division", and "center" use lower case EXCEPT when referring to the proper name of the department or division.

  • Radiologists in the Division of Breast Imaging teach clinical skills and breast imaging expertise to fellows and residents in the radiology department.

Disease Names

The name of a disease usually, but not always, uses lower case. Please check if you are not sure.

  • Living with lupus is a tremendous challenge due to the unpredictable nature of the disease.
  • The spirochete that causes Lyme disease might stay localized to the skin or rapidly spread throughout the body after the initial tick bite.

The words "disease" and "virus" use lower case, even if the name of the disease uses upper case.

  • When Powassan virus affects the nervous system, it can be fatal.

Faculty Titles

Named professorships use upper case. All other faculty titles use lower case when following their names. Titles such as "doctor", "professor", and "dean" use lowercase unless they precede the faculty member's name.

  • Simon Wordsworth, the Henry Higgins Professor of Speech Therapy
  • Wilda Wildwood, professor of biochemistry and assistant dean of students, met with the dean of research.
  • He introduced Professor Wildwood to Dean Hazmat. The dean invited her to speak at his upcoming conference.

Hyphenated Words

When a proper name or title includes a hyphenated word, the first letter of both words uses upper case. When a hyphenated word begins a sentence, only the first letter of the first word uses upper case.

  • Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center
  • Tick-borne diseases in the U.S. include Lyme, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis.


Don't see your question answered here? CUIMC uses the Associated Press (AP) Stylebook.

Go to the AP Stylebook